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The Byrd Amendment
Originally enacted as Title X of Public Law 106-387 in 2000, this law directed the revenues from antidumping and countervailing duty orders to the benefit of the petitioners. It is named for its sponsor, the late Senator Robert Byrd (Democrat of West Virginia). The law was repealed in January, 2006 following an unfavorable WTO dispute-settlement ruling in 2002 (which led to the authorization of retaliation in 2004), but that repeal left the law in force until October 1, 2007. The text shown here is as enacted by Congress in 2000.






See also the U.S. antidumping and countervailing duty laws, and the CENTRAL guide to Disputes and Trade-Remedy Laws.






This title may be cited as the "Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act of 2000".

Congress makes the following findings:

(1) Consistent with the rights of the United States under the World Trade Organization, injurious dumping is to be condemned and actionable subsidies which cause injury to domestic industries must be effectively neutralized.
(2) United States unfair trade laws have as their purpose the restoration of conditions of fair trade so that jobs and investment that should be in the United States are not lost through the false market signals.
(3) The continued dumping or subsidization of imported products after the issuance of antidumping orders or findings or countervailing duty orders can frustrate the remedial purpose of the laws by preventing market prices from returning to fair levels.
(4) Where dumping or subsidization continues, domestic producers will be reluctant to reinvest or rehire and may be unable to maintain pension and health care benefits that conditions of fair trade would permit. Similarly, small businesses and American farmers and ranchers may be unable to pay down accumulated debt, to obtain working capital, or to otherwise remain viable.
(5) United States trade laws should be strengthened to see that the remedial purpose of those laws is achieved.


(a) In General.--Title VII of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1671 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 753 the following new section:

"(a) In General.--Duties assessed pursuant to a countervailing duty order, an antidumping duty order, or a finding under the Antidumping Act of 1921 shall be distributed on an annual basis under this section to the affected domestic producers for qualifying expenditures. Such distribution shall be known as the 'continued dumping and subsidy offset'.

"(b) Definitions.--As used in this section:

"(1) Affected domestic producer.--The term 'affected domestic producer' means any manufacturer, producer, farmer, rancher, or worker representative (including associations of such persons) that-

"(A) was a petitioner or interested party in support of the petition with respect to which an antidumping duty order, a finding under the Antidumping Act of 1921, or a countervailing duty order has been entered, and
"(B) remains in operation. Companies, businesses, or persons that have ceased the production of the product covered by the order or finding or who have been acquired by a company or business that is related to a company that opposed the investigation shall not be an affected domestic producer.

"(2) Commissioner.--The term 'Commissioner' means the Commissioner of Customs. "(3) Commission.--The term 'Commission' means the United States International Trade Commission.
"(4) Qualifying expenditure.--The term 'qualifying expenditure' means an expenditure incurred after the issuance of the antidumping duty finding or order or countervailing duty order in any of the following categories:

"(A) Manufacturing facilities.
"(B) Equipment.
"(C) Research and development.
"(D) Personnel training.
"(E) Acquisition of technology.
"(F) Health care benefits to employees paid for by the employer.
"(G) Pension benefits to employees paid for by the employer.
"(H) Environmental equipment, training, or technology.
"(I) Acquisition of raw materials and other inputs.
"(J) Working capital or other funds needed to maintain production.

"(5) Related to.--A company, business, or person shall be considered to be 'related to' another company, business, or person if-

"(A) the company, business, or person directly or indirectly controls or is controlled by the other company, business, or person,
"(B) a third party directly or indirectly controls both companies, businesses, or persons,
"(C) both companies, businesses, or persons directly or indirectly control a third party and there is reason to believe that the relationship causes the first company, business, or persons to act differently than a nonrelated party. For purposes of this paragraph, a party shall be considered to directly or indirectly control another party if the party is legally or operationally in a position to exercise restraint or direction over the other party.

"(c) Distribution Procedures.--The Commissioner shall prescribe procedures for distribution of the continued dumping or subsidies offset required by this section. Such distribution shall be made not later than 60 days after the first day of a fiscal year from duties assessed during the preceding fiscal year.

"(d) Parties Eligible for Distribution of Antidumping and Countervailing Duties Assessed.-

"(1) List of affected domestic producers.--The Commission shall forward to the Commissioner within 60 days after the effective date of this section in the case of orders or findings in effect on January 1, 1999, or thereafter, or in any other case, within 60 days after the date an antidumping or countervailing duty order or finding is issued, a list of petitioners and persons with respect to each order and finding and a list of persons that indicate support of the petition by letter or through questionnaire response. In those cases in which a determination of injury was not required or the Commission's records do not permit an identification of those in support of a petition, the Commission shall consult with the administering authority to determine the identity of the petitioner and those domestic parties who have entered appearances during administrative reviews conducted by the administering authority under section 751.
"(2) Publication of list; certification.--The Commissioner shall publish in the Federal Register at least 30 days before the distribution of a continued dumping and subsidy offset, a notice of intention to distribute the offset and the list of affected domestic producers potentially eligible for the distribution based on the list obtained from the Commission under paragraph (1). The Commissioner shall request a certification from each potentially eligible affected domestic producer-

"(A) that the producer desires to receive a distribution; "(B) that the producer is eligible to receive the distribution as an affected domestic producer; and "(C) the qualifying expenditures incurred by the producer since the issuance of the order or finding for which distribution under this section has not previously been made.

"(3) Distribution of funds.--The Commissioner shall distribute all funds (including all interest earned on the funds) from assessed duties received in the preceding fiscal year to affected domestic producers based on the certifications described in paragraph (2). The distributions shall be made on a pro rata basis based on new and remaining qualifying expenditures.

"(e) Special Accounts.-

"(1) Establishments.--Within 14 days after the effective date of this section, with respect to antidumping duty orders and findings and countervailing duty orders notified under subsection (d)(1), and within 14 days after the date an antidumping duty order or finding or countervailing duty order issued after the effective date takes effect, the Commissioner shall establish in the Treasury of the United States a special account with respect to each such order or finding.
"(2) Deposits into accounts.--The Commissioner shall deposit into the special accounts, all antidumping or countervailing duties (including interest earned on such duties) that are assessed after the effective date of this section under the antidumping order or finding or the countervailing duty order with respect to which the account was established.
"(3) Time and manner of distributions.--Consistent with the requirements of subsections (c) and (d), the Commissioner shall by regulation prescribe the time and manner in which distribution of the funds in a special account shall be made.
"(4) Termination.--A special account shall terminate after-

"(A) the order or finding with respect to which the account was established has terminated;
"(B) all entries relating to the order or finding are liquidated and duties assessed collected;
"(C) the Commissioner has provided notice and a final opportunity to obtain distribution pursuant to subsection (c); and "(D) 90 days has elapsed from the date of the notice described in subparagraph (C). Amounts not claimed within 90 days of the date of the notice described in subparagraph (C), shall be deposited into the general fund of the Treasury.".

(b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for title VII of the Tariff Act of 1930 is amended by inserting the following new item after the item relating to section 753:
"Sec. 754. Continued dumping and subsidy offset.".

(c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall apply with respect to all antidumping and countervailing duty assessments made on or after October 1, 2000.